area navigation

area navigation
A method of navigation that permits aircraft operation on any desired flight path within the coverage of station-referenced navigation aids or within the limits of the capability of self-contained aids, or a combination of these (ICAO). RNAV equipment can compute the airplane position and actual track and ground speed and then provide meaningful information relative to a route of flight selected by the pilot. Typical equipment will provide the pilot with distance, time, bearing, and cross-track error relative to the selected “To” or “active” waypoint and the selected route. Present-day RNAV include INS (inertial navigation system), LORAN (long-range navigation), VOR/DME (very high frequency omnidirectional radio range/distance-measuring equipment), and GPS (global positioning system) systems. Modern multisensor systems can integrate one or more of these systems to provide a more accurate and reliable navigation system. All these systems have different levels of performance. Area navigational equipment can thus satisfy different levels of performance (RNP, or required navigational performance) and in this manner provide enhanced navigational capability.

Aviation dictionary. 2014.

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  • Area navigation — (RNAV) is a method of air navigation that allows an aircraft to choose any course within a network of navigation beacons, rather than navigating directly to and from the beacons. This can conserve flight distance, reduce congestion, and allow… …   Wikipedia

  • area navigation — area navigation, a system of aircraft navigation by means of airborne computers that permits pilots to take a direct flight path instead of having to receive bearings at prescribed radio beacon locations …   Useful english dictionary

  • Area navigation — Flächennavigation, kurz RNAV (engl. Random navigation, Area navigation), ist in der Luftfahrt ein Navigationsverfahren, das die Route über frei wählbare Wegpunkte (Waypoints) festlegt. Festgelegte Funkfeuer am Boden müssen nicht mehr angeflogen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • area navigation high route — An area navigation route in which the airspace extends from 18,000 ft AMSL (above mean sea level) to FL (flight level) 450 (45,000 ft) …   Aviation dictionary

  • area navigation low route — An area navigation route between 12,000 ft AGL (above ground level) and up to but not including 18,000 ft …   Aviation dictionary

  • area navigation route — An ATS route established for the use of aircraft capable of employing area navigation (ICAO). ATS stands for air traffic services …   Aviation dictionary

  • area navigation — /ɛəriə nævəˈgeɪʃən/ (say airreeuh navuh gayshuhn) noun Aeronautics flying with the required accuracy on any track in a defined air space by processing instrumental data which provide the pilot with continuous positional information …  

  • random RNAV (area navigation) routes — Direct routes, based on area navigation capability, between waypoints defined in terms of latitude or longitude coordinates, degree distance fixes, or offsets from established routes or airways at a specified distance and direction. Radar… …   Aviation dictionary

  • RNAV (area navigation) waypoint — A predetermined geographical position used for route or instrument approach definition or progress reporting purposes that is defined relative to a VORTAC (very high frequency omnidirectional radio range and tactical air navigation) station… …   Aviation dictionary

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